Angola is situated on the Atlantic coast south of West Africa, bordering to the North with the Republic of Congo Brazzaville and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia to the East, to the South by Namibia and to the West by the Atlantic Ocean.
The country is divided between an arid coastal strip stretching from Namibia coming practically to Luanda, a moist interior plateau, a dry savanna in the South and Southeast interior, and tropical forest in the North and in Cabinda. The Zambezi River, the Kwanza River and several tributaries of the Congo River have their headwaters in Angola.
The coastal strip is tempered by the cold Benguela current. Summers are hot and dry, winters are temperate. The interior Highlands have a mild climate with a rainy season from September to April, followed by a dry season, colder, from May to August.
The altitudes vary widely, lying inland areas between 1000 and 2000 metres. Most rivers of Angola rises in the Bié plateau: the Kwanza, the Cuango, Cuando, Cubango and Cunene.
Luanda is the capital city of Angola. More than 4 million people live in this cosmopolitan city.
Luanda is built around its harbour and overlooks a thin long island — Ihla. The heart of the city is known as the Marginal, it runs along the harbor promenade. Luanda has many interesting sights given its rich history and location on the coast.
The narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to a vast interior plateau. The highest point is Morro de Moco, 2,620 m. Locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau.
Natural resources are petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, gold, bauxite and uranium.